GF: Basic congee

GF: Basic congee, originally uploaded by Kate Chan.


So the photo is just the little bit left from lunch the other day. The babe was still eating her congee as she just can’t get enough somedays.

I’ve written about this simple rice porridge before – how it soothed my stomach after food poisoning overseas; how my husband’s family uses this as a staple (and swears by the powers of the rice “broth” for feeling better when you are ill); etc. It’s so good – that people have begun getting worried that I wasn’t going to post the recipe.

I guess my delay in posting the “recipe” is that there really are so many varieties, ways and ideas for what you can do that there really is NO recipe for this. It varies by family, province, country, etc. But there are some basics for you to know before you toss your rice into a pot and get cooking.

It’s important to note that rice porridge (congee or jook) is meant to be cooked longer than you would normally cook/steam rice. You want the rice to break down and the rice starch to naturally thicken the broth. In order to achieve this, you want to do the following:

  • Use a rice to water ratio that is at least 1:8. For example, toss 1/2 cup of rice (not Minute Rice, not Uncle Ben’s processed rice – just regular old rice) in to 4 cups of water. (Yes, that says 4 cups!)
  • Bring it to a boil and then lower the heat to a simmer. Stir frequently to keep the rice from sticking to the bottom of the pan and to help develop a creamier texture.
  • Simmer with a lid covering MOST of the top (leave it open about an inch or so to avoid it overflowing!) for 45 minutes or so. At this point, you should be able to stir the rice and see that it has thickened the liquid (which is now more like a stew broth – thick and delicious!) and you will see that the rice has broken down.
  • Now add salt to taste. And Wah-lah! You have a basic rice porridge.
  • You can now eat your porridge as it (which we often do) or you can top it with the traditional chopped green onions as well.

There are so many things you can do with this that you will find a never ending list of “gotta-try-that”s in your brain once you taste the deliciousness of this super-simple soup. Here’s a list of some of the things that we have done:

  • Heat a little oil in the pan and quickly saute some chopped garlic until aromatic.  THEN add your rice, water and salt.  MMMMM.
  • Use chicken stock instead of water (or veg stock, or… etc).
  • Better yet:  Remember that GF rotisserie chicken you picked up for dinner but didn’t really finish?  Put that into a huge stock pot, cover with water and toss in your rice.  Boil this for a couple hours.  The carcass will break down and the meat will be tender and fabulous mixed into the congee.  (You may/may not need to add seasoning/salt – depends on your chicken.)
  • Make the congee with a ham bone instead of that leftover chicken.
  • At the end of cooking, add some rinsed black beans and some chopped up tiny pieces of meat.  (This is Zoe’s second favorite version.  Second only to the basic version above.)
  • Add traditional Chinese ingredients, like Thousand Year Old (aka preserved) duck egg or a splash of GF soy sauce instead of the salt.
  • Add some chopped up pieces of white fish just at the end of cooking and boost your protein power.  You only need to cook for a few minutes longer for the fish to cook through if you chop it up.
  • Whisk an egg (or two) in a small bowl, the stir the egg into the cooked congee.
  • Sauté some small chopped carrot and onion pieces, add a bit of garlic then add your rice and a bit more water (like 1:9 ratio or 1:10 – depending on how thick you like your congee) and cook away.

Really… the variations are endless.

The structure or basics are not set in stone.  The ratio can vary depending on how thick you prefer your congee.  I wouldn’t suggest using a ratio of less than 1:6 as then you end up with mushy rice and not a porridge at all.  And a ratio of greater than 1:12 makes for some watery rice soup.  But hey – it’s personal preference!

I order congee for myself and the Chicklet when my honey has a craving for dim sum. It’s gluten free –  but be careful!  Some restaurants like to top their congee with shredded wonton skins.  Just say no to those as they are not gluten free and avoid the traditional Chinese donut (a long fried not-sweet bread) that is always typically served with congee.  I guess that’s the beauty of having a (1) baby along because they always ask if the baby would like those things (LOL!) and (2) a native Cantonese speaker in the mix. 🙂

I hope this post finds you all well and enjoying your fall.  Life is grand around here – so much so that we are even considering adding another family member in the form of a 11 month old pup.  (As though one toddler weren’t enough for me……..)

Happy GF Eating!
And don’t forget to come back and post your favorite congee variation!
I’m up for some new ideas!


  1. Yumm. I am a gf girl and have made a commitment to only cooking things I can eat (unless a VERY special occasion). That looks fab. Have you made gluten free cornbread…I just made one tonight which if fab-u-licious 🙂

  2. Have you tried to make this in your slow cooker? Sounds like it would work w/o watching so closely.

  3. tastyeatsathome says:

    I keep thinking I need to make a congee. Sounds comforting!

  4. Our day-after-Thanksgiving tradition is to boil the post-carving turkey carcass, and then make jook- like you talk about with the rotisserie chicken. The jook cooks while we decorate the house for Christmas, and then we all sit down to dinner! With leftover Thanksgiving pie for dessert. 🙂

  5. Your article was so intersting! I’ve never even heard of congee, which is odd considering how much rice I eat! Can you make it with Jasmine rice? Also, does the rice porridge flavor lend itself well to sweet additions? I always think of porridge as something sweet, and I’m having a hard time wrapping my mind around savory porridge.

    Thank you for sharing!!!

    P.S To MISH, if you like cornbread you should try the Banana Coconut Wonderloaf on my blog. It’s basically gf cornbread/banana bread and it’s AMAZING!

  6. Thanks for the recipe!

    Do you ever make sweet congee?

  7. Thanks so much for posting this! Trying to make congee has been on my list of things to do for a couple of months now. Now I have no excuse!

  8. Michele Ritan says:

    I’ve read about this traditional food for years, but had never seen detailed instructions and variations. I got a really bad cold a few days ago, and this has been the PERFECT food! Thanks for posting such detailed how-to’s and ideas. Love it!

  9. My life-long best friend is Taiwanese. While in high school, I spent 3 weeks in Taiwan living on her family’s farm. The congee for breakfast was always my favorite meal of the day. Her family served it with little strips of sauteed meat (I have no idea what kind – and quickly learned not to ask!) and a green vegetable that was kind of a cross between spinach and kale. I haven’t had this in years – but I think I know what will be on the menu in the upcoming week!

  10. I just made this, and it was wonderful. It will now rival my chicken matzoh ball soup as the ideal “recovery soup”.

  11. Karisma says:

    I made this on the stove as I was baking the drop biscuits. I didn’t realize it would make so much. I used one cup of rice thinking “gee, 1/2 a cup doen’t sound like much…I want leftovers”. It’s a good thing I used a big pot.

    I added canned chicken (yah I know, we’re having a thunderstorm and it’s what I had on hand for moments like this) black beans, lemon grass, paprika, pepper, orange peel. I also have an allergy to my favorite flavors that I would normally add (garlic, onion).

    I’m going to take this along on our girls trip this weekend, I’m sure everone will like it and next time I’ll know not to make so much.


  1. […] into a quick rice porridge (although to be honest, it’s not as good as when made with fresh rice […]

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